Mental Health: Strengthening Behaviour
Mental health and well-being are essential for humans to think and feel individually and collectively, interact with others, make a living and enjoy life. Thus, the promotion, protection and restoration of mental health is a key concern of individuals, communities and societies around the world. Lets check out how to strengthen our mental health and achieve a good life.
Determinants of mental health
Several social, psychological and biological factors determine a person’s level of mental health at any given time. Thus, ongoing socio-economic pressure is perceived as a risk to the mental health of individuals and communities. The evidence that best demonstrates this is indicators of poverty, including low levels of education.
Rapid social changes also affects mental health . Harsh working conditions; Discrimination against women; Social exclusion; Unhealthy lifestyle; Risk of violence or poor physical health; And human rights violations.
Additionally, certain psychological profiles and personality traits are susceptible to mental disorders. Finally, mental disorders may be due to biological causes, including genetic factors that contribute to the brain’s chemical imbalance.
Promoting and protecting mental health
Promoting mental health includes measures to promote mental health and create living conditions and environments that enable the adoption and maintenance of a healthy lifestyle. For example, there are various measures to increase the likelihood that more people will have good mental health.
An environment that respects and protects basic civil, political, socio-economic and cultural rights is essential to promoting mental health. It is very difficult to maintain good mental health without the safety and freedom that these rights provide.
National mental health policy should not limit its scope to mental disorders. They also need to recognize and take into account the wider range of factors that promote mental health. This includes integrating mental health promotion into public and non-governmental sector policies and programs. In addition to the health sector, education, employment, justice, transport, environment, housing and social protection sectors must also be involved.
Care and Treatment
It is essential that national efforts to develop and implement mental health policies are aimed at addressing the needs of people with mental disorders as well as protecting and promoting the mental well-being of citizens.
Knowledge of how to cope with the increasing burden of mental disorders has increased significantly over the past decade. First of all, there is growing evidence that some major interventions in mental disorders are effective and cost-effective in countries with different levels of economic development.
Cost-effective, realistic and economically inexpensive interventions include:
- Treatment of epilepsy with antiepileptic drugs;
- In severe to moderate cases, treatment of depression with psychological approaches and generic antidepressants;
- Treatment of psychosis with aging antipsychotics and psychosocial support;
- Taxation and availability of alcoholic beverages and marketing restrictions.
There are also a number of effective measures to prevent suicide, prevent and treat mental disorders in children, prevent and treat dementia, and treat substance abuse disorders. The Mental Health Gap Bridge Action Program (mhGAP) has created evidence-based guidelines to help non-professionals identify and address prior mental health problems.
Always take an experts advise any type of treatment.